Emma Archer (1842-1911)
Line of Descent
to Peter Byrnes
Samuel ARCHER (b 1817 in France)
1856 to Melbourne from Mauritius[4
Oct 6 1911 in Toowoomba, Queensland
Felice POBAR October 24, 1858, Strathfillan, Victoria)
Felix Francisco POBAR (Aug 30 1859- May 7, 1932)
Thomas Samuel POBAR (May 15 1864- May 7 1930)
Emma Mary POBAR (Aug 11 1866-May 23 1951)
Frederick William POBAR (Nov 1 1868-)
Arthur POBAR (1872-
John POBAR (Sep 29 1873-)
Elizabeth POBAR (Sep 26 1877-)
Archer was a mere toddler when she was taken by her parents to a new life
on an island in the Indian Ocean.
been born less than a year earlier in the Cathedral city of Winchester in
Hampshire, where her father, Samuel, a sergeant with the 12th Regiment of
Foot, was stationed at the time.
1842, her father’s regiment was sent to Mauritius, a strategic island
colonised by the French, and then by the British after the Napoleonic
Samuel and his family
remained in Mauritius for 12 years, with Samuel assigned to various
regiments, from 1843 to 1855. Emma’s two brothers, Arthur (1848) and Frederick (1850)
were born in the island’s capital of Port Louis.
more than likely that Emma was in her early teens when her mother died,
and in 1856, Sgt Archer left the army and took his young family to a new
life in Australia.
Emma, her young brothers and their father arrived in Melbourne in May 1856
on the Marchioness, the only
passengers on board the ship.
Wharf (then Cole's Wharf) Melbourne as it was in 1856, when Emma Archer
arrived in Victoria with her father and brothers
James Grant & Geoffrey Searle's
The Melbourne Scene 1803-1956,
University Press, 1957)
family, along with hundreds of thousands of other immigrants, soon found
its way to the Victorian goldfields.
In the case of the Archers, they lived for a time at Strathfillan,
a pastoral property west of Bendigo near the small town of St. Arnaud,
where gold was found in the late 1850s. There, in 1858, the 16-year-old
Emma married a 24-year-old Austrian prospector, Felice Pobar.
The marriage ceremony was carried out in a tent, which was the
family's home while Samuel worked as a shepherd.
son, Felice Franciscus (known later as Felix, as was his father), was born
in 1859 to Emma and Felice while they were on the goldfields, by this time
at Ararat, west of Ballarat.
after, the young family, with Emma's brothers and her father, set out for
Queensland with all their belongings on a dray, to settle on the Darling
They first worked and
lived on a property, Jinghi Jinghi, near Jandowae, where Emma's
eldest daughter Sarah Johanna (known as Grace) was born in 1862.
Felix and Grace were followed by another six children born to the family
in Queensland. The family moved closer to the main Darling Downs centre of
Toowoomba where younger generations went into the butchery business (A
century later, butcher shops in Toowoomba and on the Downs in the 1990s
still bore the name of Pobar).
died in Toowoomba in October 1911, aged 68.
Emma Archer’s imposing grave in Toowoomba Cemetery –
Her husband Felice Pobar is also buried there, and their
daughter Emma Mary Pobar, who died in 1951. Emma’s gravestone says she was from Warwickshire – this is
probably a reference to the original family home in England, rather than Emma’s
actual birthplace of Hampshire.
(photo courtesy Pat Pobar)
(photo courtesy Pat Pobar)
Victorian Marriage Certificate. Victorian
Registrar of Births Deaths and Marriages (certificate no:  no 38 in
district of Avoca.)
U K Birth Certificate (Emma's
International Genealogical Index. Church
of Latter Day Saints (Mormons).
.Inward Passengers to Victoria, 1852-1859 (Victorian Archives Office).
 Qld death certificate, reg no.1911/:004263 (Qld).